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One of the smallest states of the Indian Union, Nagaland is almost unexplored, as far as tourist destinations are concerned. Located in the northeast corner of India, Nagaland has Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur on its domestic border and with Myanmar, an international boundary on the east. The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji, and it,s six districts are Mokokchong, Tuensang, Mon, Wokha, Zunheboto and Kohima. A completely tribal area, set within dense jungles, the Nagas are a conglomeration of 15 tribes and many more sub tribes, of which the Ao, Angami, Lotha are the better known.

Warm and colourful Naga shawls, hand-woven shoulder bags, decorative spears, woodcarvings and bamboo works are traditional arts handed from generation to generation, with each tribe having it's own distinctive style and color schemes.They make excellent souvenirs. Sekrenyi, Moatsu, Tuluni and Tokhu Emong are some of their important festival. However, any moment of joy, be it birth, marriages or the harvest is enough for the Nagas to burst into dance.

Kohima,the capital is a typical laid back Asian mountain town, with no monuments, monastries or temples to offer by way of stock tourist attraction. However the unhurried pace of life, calm and serene environs and fresh, unpolluted air makes a welcome change for a jaded city dweller and an opportunity to soak in the rich Naga traditions. Kohima's unique attraction however is its war cemetery, still respectfully maintained by the British. A few lines about it:

In March 1944, the Japanese 31st Division marched northwest ward into Burma, swept through the Naga hills, invading India, and lay siege on Imphal and Kohima. The confident Japanese planned to press on toward the India Plains., and only Kohima lay between them.

A crucial battle ensued at Kohima where some 2,500 British Empire troops came under siege of a formidable Japanese force numbering 15,000 soldiers supported by 10,000 ammunition laden oxen. For weeks the belligerents sparred in bloody artillery duels interrupted only by hand to hand skirmishes and bayonet attacks. Finally, after 64 days, amid terrible losses on both sides, the Japanese were beaten. They withdrew from Kohima, and their dominance in northern Burma had begun to crumble.

Understandably, the determination and gallantry shown by allied troops in the Kohima was quick to become the subject of folklore,poem, song, and legend. Today in the Kohima cemetery, wherein lay these brave men, among the 1,378 grave markers, is the famous Kohima Memorial and it's historic inscription:
"When you go home
Tell them of us,
and say,
For their tomorrow, We gave our today"

 MOKOKCHUNG

This picturesque town is the cultural center of the Ao tribes of Nagaland, one can have visit to Longkhum a vanguard village in the days of head hunting is situated at an altitude of 1846 metres and is 17 km from the Mokokchung town and the village command a beautiful view of the surrounding hills and valley and the Ungma village the oldest and biggest Ao village according to the legend, the early Aos settled after coming from Chungliyimti. This village is any centuries old and can be of great interest to people who have a desire to peep into Ao folklore coustom and tradition. And the Molung village has the distinction of having the first American Baptist Mission being eastablished in the Naga hill in 1872 and the earliest mission building is still intact and preserved in the village premises. An ancient leechi tree supposedly planted by Dr. E.w. Clark, the first American Missionary still exists.

 KHONOMA

Khonoma village located 20 km west of Kohima, supports a predominantly agrarian population of 3000 people. Extensive rice terrace have been carved out of the hill slopes surround the village.The village referred to as Khwunoria by the residents is estimated to be around 400 years old. The unique variety of soil and elevation of its fields have resulted in about 20 different types of rice being grown here.

Khonoma's fame comes chiefly but though not entirely through its standing as a warrior village. In the villages of Nagaland traditionally Khel was the most important plateform of governance.

The picturesque village of Khonoma offers delightful views of Nagaland's natural beauty and ecological diversity. En route look out for the memorial stones erected to commemorates Feasts of Merit, and intricate system of bamboo pipes which carry waters from long distance.

 TUOPHEMA

Tuophema located 41 km north of the state capital trace its history back as far as 1431 AD and gets its name from the Erithrina tree which is a symbol of victory to its inhabitants. This tribal village is a tourist destination with a difference in that each clan (Khel) from the village runs a traditional house, complete with modern facilities for tourist to check into.

Apart from that visitors can visit the cultural museum sample locally grown organic food prepared in a traditional Naga kitchen and even hear first hand the fascinating folklore recounted by villagers.

 PHEK

Phek is the district headquarter and home of the Chakhesang ( combination of three tribes, 'Cha' of Chekru, 'Khe' of Khezhe and Sang of 'Sangtam')

The culture and Chakhesang is very different from other Nagas. Phek is famous for its colourful Tsukhenyie festival which takes place in March and April. Blythe Tragopan

Pheasants are found in abundance here as are exotic verities of orchids

 ZUNHEBOTO

The Semas live in homes strung along a cluster of hillock in Zunheboto (150 km)

The martial race among the Naga tribes is renowned for their dazzling war dance, flok songs and ceremonial war dresses. Tuluni is one of the most important festivals observed in the second week of july every year.

 MON

The Konyak Nagas are the inhabitants of this district and it is interesting to see tattooed faces wearing feather Konyaks are adept artisans and skilled craftsmen. One can have an exciting experience to pay a visit to Angh's house at Chui, Mon Tangnyu, Sheangha, Chingnyu, Wakching and Jaboka. Konyaks are ruled by hereditary chiefs known as Anghs and the institution of Anghship is only prevalent among the Konyaks. The most colourful festival of the Konyaks - "Aoling Monyu" which is observed during the first week of April every year, is a spectacle worth a watch.

Shangnyu Village: Ruled by the chief Angh, Shangnyu village is one of the prominent villages in Mon district. There is a wonderful wooden monument measuring 8 feet in height and 12 feet in breadth - believed to be constructed by heavenly angels. Carvings of human beings and other creatures are engraved on this monument. Memorial stones are also found in front of the Angh's palace

Longwa Village : One of the biggest villages in Mon district; As the village straddles on the International boundary line, one half of the Angh's house falls within the Indian Territory, whereas other half lies under Myanmarese control. The whole village is controlled by the Angh and the village Council Chairman. Another interesting feature of this village is that the Angh of the village has 60 wives and his jurisdiction extends up to Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh.

Veda Peak :
The highest peak of the district is approximately 70 km east of Mon. This peak, offers a clear sight of both river Brahmaputra and Chindwin on a clear day. There is a waterfall on the precincts of this peak and this area is also considered as one of the best locations in the whole of Konyak countryside.

Wokha : The Wokha region is home to the Lotha tribe. Hilltop villages studded with monoliths (Longsu) erected by rich ancestors depiciting their high status surround it. The Lothas are known for their colorful dances and flok songs. The woman wears the 'Opvuram', the prestigious social shawl and the man the 'Longpensu'. Wokha district is reputed for its excellent oranges and pineapples.

 JAPFU

Rising 3048 m high above the verdure of the valley floor, Japfu peak, 15 km south of Kohima, makes for a great trek especially from November to March.

Behind it lies the Dzukou Valley, (2462 m), watered by a meandering stream which often freezes in winter. In spring, it is rich with wild flowers and pink and white rhododendrons.

 INTANKI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

Located about 37 km from Dimapur and 11 km from Kohima, Intaki Wildlife Sanctuary. Is the home of Hoolock Baboon, the only gibbon found in India.the sancturary also has a sizeable number of elephant , tiger , mithun, Sambhar, wild dog and sloth bear.
 
 
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