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Manas, at the base of foot hills of the Bhutan-Himalayas in the state of Assam, with unique biodiversity and landscape is one of the first reserves included in the network of tiger reserve under Project tiger in 1973. It extends over an area of 2837 Sq.Km from Sankosh river in the west to Dhansiri river in the east, with a core area of 500 Sq.Km. of the National park, which declared in 1990. The average elevation of the area is 85 m above mean sea level. The river Manas flows into the national Park from the gorges of Bhutan and split into two major streams of which the main water course comes out of the National Park about 30 km downstream is known as 'Beki". The peace and tranquility of Mothanguri tourists site on the bank of river Manas close to Bhutan is the rarest gift of the nature and in its finest form. A total of 543 species of plants (Pteridophytes and Angiosperms) recorded from the area. Out of which 374 species belong to Dicotylendons and 139 species to Monocotylendons.

60 species of mammals are recorded from the reserve. 21 of them are placed in Schedulue 1 categories. Of these 3 are primates, the Capped Langur, the Golden Langur and Slow Loris, while 6 are cats namely Tiger, Black Panther, Leopard Cat, Clouded Leopard, Golden Cat and Fishing Cat. The Binturong, Sloth Bear, Elephant, Indian Bison (Gaur), Sambar, Asiatic water Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Parti-coloured flying squirrel, Hispid Hare while the pigs comprise of the wild Boar and the Pygmy hog. The Pygmy hog, Hispid hare and Golden Langur are among endemic to this area. The only viable population of the smallest and rarest wild suid, the Pygmy hog, exists in Manas and nowhere else in the world.

312 species of birds are recorded. Out of this 10 are placed in Schedule I category. These are Black-crested Baza, Lagger Falcon, Shahin Falcon, Bengal Florican, Pied Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill, Rufous necked Hornbill and Peacock pheasant.

"MANAS NATIONAL PARK" was added to UNESCO's World Heritage list in 1985.

NOTE: Guwahati to Barpeta Road is approximately 140 kms and takes three and half hours. It takes further two hours to arrive Mothanguri Forest Lodge in Manas even though it is only 44 kms from Barpeta Road, car can travel only 20 kms an hour. Sighting of animal in Manas is not so good as in Kaziranga but the diversity of the habitat is very high. Manas is probably a site of what the earth looked like before the arrival of man.
 
 
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