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Kaziranga is known all over the world as the home of one-horned rhinoceros - a world heritage site. But Kaziranga is not all aboutrhinos, it has many other animals, ducks and birds, which visitor can witness as easily as possible either from car or an elephant back. This easy accessibility to wild life is the secret of Kaziranga's growing popularity among the wild life lovers and tourists of the world.

With its primeval vegetation Kaziranga presents a view of what Brahmaputra valley must have been like ages ago, before it opened up for cultivation and habitation. Midway between Guwahati and Dibrugarh, two major towns of the state, Kaziranga is almost on the National Highway 37, covering an area of 430 square kilometers. Kaziranga is also a paradise for bird lovers.

In the geographical center of Assam, the river Brahmaputra forms the shifting northern border of Kaziranga National Park, one of the gems of Indian wildlife conservation and home to 65% of the world's population of 'Rhinoceros unicornis', the great one-horned Indian rhino. Each monsoon, the Brahmaputra breaches its banks and floods the park, breathing life back in to the parched land and replenishing the 200 'bheels' or shallow lakes with water and fish.

Situated on the Brahmaputra River, the Kaziranga National Park (altitude ranges between 40m and 80 m. To the South of the Park, the Karbi Hills rise to about 1,220m) covers an area of about 430 sqkm. Its swamps and grasslands with tall thickets of elephant grass and patches of evergreen forest support the largest number of rhino in the subcontinent.

It was an alarming depletion in their numbers, due to hunting and poachingthat led to the conservation of this area in 1926. In 1940, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary.

Herds of barasingha and wild buffalo are seen in the marshes. Rhinos browse unconcernedly as the visitors pass by and an occasional herd of elephants or wild boar is also sighted. The grasslands are raptor country and the crested serpent eagle, the Pallas fishing eagle and grey-headed fishing eagle can be seen circling over the marshes. The water-bird variety includes swamp partridge, bar-headed goose, whistling teal, the Bengal florican, storks, herons and even pelicans.

"KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK" was added to UNESCO's World Heritage list in 1985.
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