Arunachal Pradesh has an undulating terrin with steep mountains clothed in thick rain forest in the lower altitude and valleys extended from Bhutan in the east to Burma in the west.

The main occupation of the tribes is agriculture mostly slash and burn cultivation is concentrated in a few pockets of Subansiri and Kameng District.

In this agricultural society weaving and basketry are the main craft of the region.

Cane and bamboo form the raw material which meet the requirement of everyday life from house building to making baskets, fishing trap, items of dress, construction of suspension bridges, religious paraphernalia. Infact nothing is there in a tribel house which is not made of bamboo.

People of arunachal has fully utilized the root of the rhododendron for making beautiful household utensils and birch wood for various purposes.

The people of subansiri, siang, lohit and tirap districts entirely depend upon cane, bamboo and reed which are locally available for multifarious purpose.

One of the most ancient form of craft is basket making. It has been observed that cane and bamboo figure extensively in the whole material culture of Arunachal Pradesh. Small articles of personal adornment such as calflets, leglets, necklaces ect. are also made of basketry techniques.

Traditional Ornament Products:

Beads ornaments of various types are found in all over Arunachal Pradesh . However weaving or decorating small beads ornament are predominatory found in Tirap District. The unique beads ornaments and grass necklece products are mainly available in Tirap & Changlang districts which signify higher cultural and Traditional value.

The Beads ornaments making practiced by women folk , the main raw-material used in "GRASS BEADS" of very higher quality normally imported from other country .
All type of ornaments viz. Necklace Wrist band, Waist band , Head gear, earring are made with beautiful geometrical pattern used both by male and female.
Being promoted through Govt. Craft Centres while provision for training and passed out trainees are engaged as production worker.

Manufacturing of traditional ornaments of cast, bronze and silver is restricted and concentrated only in few pockets of Lohit , Kameng and Siang district. In earlier time sizeable portion of required metals and other finished product were imported from Tibet.

"GRASS NECKLACE" making practiced by female folk of Wangcho tribe of Tirap District. The main raw-material used in a kind of reed , grown near stream and river side during September to February. The skin of the reed is of golden colour when the plant is natured . This trade is a seasonal activities and not yet covered under Govt. programme except production scheme. A good demand exists for this items both in national and international market


The carpet making is one of the important occupation in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, Changlang, Upper Siang. The women folk are engaged in this trade. The Arunachal Pradesh's carpet has been acclaimed to be of National & International repute by considering the quality of carpet weaving in different motive and design. The items produced are wall hanging , cushion pad, telephone pad, floor covering etc. These are being promoted through Govt. Craft Centre with provision for training. Passed out trainees are engaged as production worker in the industry.


Tangkha painting in one of the most artistic craft, it is prevalent mainly in Buddhist dominated area like Tawang, West kameng, Upper Siang Districts. The motif of the painting is mostly religious subject along with traditional value


Arunachal Pradesh can be called store House of Handloom designs as its 20 major tribes and more then 100 sub-tribes has got unique and appealing Handloom designs. The products are , Skirt (Gale), Shirt (Galuk) , cotton shawl, side bag, curtain cloth etc, in different pricing pattern according to the quality, traditional value, motive and design. Craft specialist in non-literate society seldom engage exclusively in one particular kind of work.
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